|Agricultural Disaster Management n Bangladesh
ISBN 984 05 1448 2 1999 458p 240x175mm HB Tk.750.00 US$33.00
This book includes selected papers on agricultural disaster management based on the author’s thirty-five years’ experience in agricultural development in Bangladesh. This was a field in which the author did pioneering work: first by analysing the impacts of natural disasters on agricultural production and indicating practical rehabilitation measures for different kinds of land and soils month by month throughout the year; then by codifying institutional procedures for reporting and assessing crop damage and for organizing appropriate relief and rehabilitation measures. Although the information and procedures relate specifically to Bangladesh, the principles described in this book can be applied in other countries, especially in countries where small-scale farmers predominate.
The book comprises four parts. Part I describes Bangladesh’s physical environment to assist readers in understanding the country’s distinctive land use and the kinds of natural disaster which occur. Part 11 comprises five chapters describing procedures for preparing contingency plans, assessing damage, and preparing and monitoring rehabilitation programmes, a chapter recording the author’s experience in monitoring and interpreting weather data, plus a chapter describing measures to protect flood-protection, road and railway projects from flood damage.
The core of the book is contained in Part 111. This comprises eleven chapters dealing with individual kinds of disaster, including floods, drought and cyclones. Each chapter systematically describes the impacts of a specific disaster type on agriculture, the preventive, precautionary, rehabilitation and relief measures that can be taken to mitigate their effects, and the role of agricultural research and extension in disaster mitigation. Part IV comprises three chapters. Two of these reproduce reports made after specific cyclone and drought disasters, while the concluding chapter sums up the lessons learnt from the author’s experience. That chapter, and the book as a whole, provide a practical guide to planners and administrators responsible for designing and implementing measures to reduce the impacts of natural disasters on farmers and on agricultural production.
Hugh Brammer was born in Britain and took his M.A. degree in Geography at Cambridge University in 195 1. He worked on reconnaissance soil surveys in the Gold Coast (later Ghana) 1951-6 1, then joined the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to organize the reconnaissance soil survey of East Pakistan. Evacuated from, Dhaka in 1971, he was seconded to the World Bank in Washington to assist in preparing the nine-volume Bangladesh Land and Water I Sector Study Report (1972), including the :report’s land use and hydrological maps. After serving as Senior Soil Scientist in Zambia 1972-73, Mr. Brammer returned to Bangladesh from 1974 until 1986, working mainly with the Ministry of Agriculture as an agricultural adviser and latterly as manager of the agroecological zones project. He was awarded the Bangladesh President’s Gold Medal for Agriculture in 1979, FAO’s B.R. Sen Award in 1981, and the O.B.E by the British Government in 1987. Since his retirement from FAO in 1987, Mr. Brammer has been a frequent visitor to Bangladesh as a consultant, inter alia, for the Flood Policy Study (1989), the Flood Action Plan (1989-94) and a Greenhouse Effects Study (1992-93). Throughout his career, Mr. Brammer was a prolific writer of technical reports and papers, and of popular articles on soils, agricultural development and disaster preparedness. He is now engaged in compiling his papers on Bangladesh into a set of collected works, of which this book is the third volume to appear.