|The Geography of the Soils of Bangladesh
ISBN 984 05 1328 1 1996 304pp 240x175mm HB Tk.450.00 US$25.00
This book is based on the author’s more than thirty years’ experience with soils and agricultural development in Bangladesh. It provides a systematic description of the country’s soils, how they have formed and where they occur. It is intended for use as a university text-book and as a guide for agricultural, forestry and environmental officials and consultants on the characteristics and distribution of the soils which support the country’s varied land use and ecological habitats.
The country’s soils proved to be very different from the raw geological alluvium which the author expected to find when he first arrived in 196 1. Surveys revealed a wide diversity of landscapes and soils, that soil formation on the country’s floodplains could be extraordinarily rapid and that several soils had features which were new to soil science. In this book Hugh Brammer shares with the readers the exciting experience of deciphering the various processes of soil formation in Bangladesh.
Part I provides an overview of the main soil-forming processes. Part II contains six chapters describing the physical factors of the environment which have influenced soil formation. The stages of soil formation on seasonally-flooded and non-flooded land are described in Part III, while the country’s main soil types, their classification in international systems and their soil moisture relations are described in Part IV. Representative soil profile descriptions and laboratory data are given in an Appendix, together with glossaries of technical terms used.
Hugh Brammer was born in Britain in 1925 and took his M.A. degree in Geography at Cambridge University in 1951. He worked on reconnaissance soil surveys in Ghana, 1951-61, then joined FAO to organize the reconnaissance soil survey of former East Pakistan. Evacuated from Dhaka in 1971 ‘ he was seconded to the World Bank in Washington to assist in preparing the nine-volume Bangladesh Land and Water Sector Study Report (1972), including the report’s land use and hydrological maps.
After serving as Senior Soil Scientist in Zambia in 1972-73, Brammer returned to Bangladesh from 1974 until 1986, working mainly With the Ministry of Agriculture as an agricultural development adviser and latterly as manager of the agroecological zones project. He was awarded the Bangladesh President’s Gold Medal for Agriculture in 1979, FAO’s B.R. Sen Award in 1981 - and the O.B.E. by the British Government in 1987. Since his retirement from FAO in 1987, Hugh Brammer has been a frequent visitor to Bangladesh as a consultant, inter alia, for the Flood Policy Study (1989), the Flood Action Plan (1989-94) and a Greenhouse Effects Study 1992-93.