How violence and terrorism impact on societies has largely been ignored in mainstream security studies. However, in the post-cold war order, endemic violence has become part of life of people across the world, more so in South Asia. Within the current debates in security studies and efforts to make security conceptions more people-centred, the issue of violence finds some primacy. The concept of “human security” tries to focus on issues related to security of the citizens, and hence on the human costs of violent conflicts. This study tries to understand how violence and terrorism affect people’s security in South Asia. It builds a new framework of security that does not view “human security” as opposed to state security. Rather, it views “human security” as an integrative concept that complements state security. The new framework of security focuses on the threats that organised violence poses to not only states and regimes but also to citizens and society. This book furthers the debate on the concept of “human security” and also unravels the complexities of the impact of terrorism on South Asian societies. Dr. Ajay Darshan Behera is a Reader at the Academy of Third World Studies, Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi. Previously, he was a Senior Fellow and Officiating Director at the Centre for Strategic and Regional Studies, University of Jammu, Jammu. He has also served at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses and the Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi. He has also been a Visiting Fellow at the Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C. and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA. His main areas of research interest are foreign policy and security issues in South Asia, political violence, insurgency and terrorism. He is the author of The Politics of Violence and Development in South Asia (1999) and has co-edited the book Pakistan in a Changing Strategic Context (2004).