THE LAST GUARDIAN: Memoirs of Hatch-Barnwell, ICS of BengalBy Stephen Hatch-Barnwell (Author) Khalid Shams (Editor) Publisher(s):The University Press Limited (UPL) First Published: 2011 No. of Pages: 363 Weight (kg): 0.5 Price: $35.00 THE LAST GUARDIAN Stephen Hatch-Barnwell's (1909-1989) Tour of Duty as ICS (Indian Civil Service) in Bengal (1933-1947) as CSP (Civil Service of Pakistan) in East Pakistan (1949-1966) is not just another British officer's "notes to successors" for those of us who care to read such memoirs. The author makes it a point to inform the readers that his main purpose was to show what life was for a young ICS officer in the very last days of the British Raj and not to give a personal life history to the readers. India, the crown jewel of the British Empire, during 1930s &'40s, was in the throes of a turbulent movement for national independence Bengal was at the centre of it, with terrorists at the fringe trying to assassinate the British rulers and Hindu-Muslim tensions leading to communal riots. It was during this period of fire and fury that Stephen Hatch-Barnwell decided reluctantly to join the Bengali cadre of the Indian Civil Service, the steel frame that held the empire together.